History of Trogir


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History of Trogir

The area around the town had been inhabited since prehistoric times. The old Greeks had founded settlement and named it Tragorion in the 3rd century BC. The name was derived from the Greek word tragos, which means goat, for nearby mountain was full of goats.

After Romans had conquered Tragorion and turned it to a Roman municipality in the 1st century BC, they renamed it to Tragurium. The famous Roman historian Pliny mentioned Trogir as "marmore notum" or "known for marble" due to a marble quarry near town.

Nearby Salona, as the metropolis of the Roman province of Dalmatia, partly diminished the importance of Trogir. After the Slavs and Avars ruined Salona, its inhabitants fled to Trogir, that was the beginning of the town's rise on the political and economical scene of those times.

In the 9th century, Trogir was under the Croatian rule. After Croatia was annexed to Hungary, Trogir was granted the status of the free city in 1107.

From the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century, the city was under the Venetian rule. After that, Trogir was ruled by the Austrians and French until 1918, when the city, along with the rest of Croatia, became part of the common state of South Slavic nations.

Historical attractions - what to see in Trogir

The old city's core - Trogir is regarded as the best preserved Romanesque - Gothic city of the Central Europe. Due to that, the entire old city's core has been enlisted in UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1997.

Trogir Cathedral - Cathedral of St. Lawrence, called the Trogir Cathedral, is a marvelous triple-naved basilica built in Romanesque-Gothic style. The construction started in the 13th century and lasted until the 17th century, when Cathedral gained its present appearance.

Before you step into its gorgeous interior, enjoy the view of a portal, the majestic art work of the local master sculptor Radovan.

Cipiko Palace - The palace is located opposite the Cathedral and presents another impressive monument of Romanesque-Gothic architecture.

Kamerlengo Castle - The castle and the fortress Kamerlengo was built in the mid 15th century during the Venetian rule. Today, Kamerlengo is used as a venue of cultural performances during the summer months.

Trogir Museum - The museum is housed in a beautiful Garagnin - Fanfogna palace, built in variety of architectural styles, from Romanesque to Baroque.

Monastery of St. Nicholas - Benedictine Monastery of St. Nicholas keeps valuable collection of archaeological exhibits along with other art and historical heritage.

The most popular display is an old Greek relief that presents Kairos, the Greek god of auspicious moments. He will remind you that you always have to be awake, in order to recognize and grab a chance you have been given at the certain moment.