History of Cavtat


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History of Cavtat

Todays Cavtat lies on the site of the old Greek settlement of Epidaurum that was founded around the 4th century BC. Romans took over in 228 BC and renamed it in Epidaurus.
As a Roman colony, Epidaurus was higly developed and, according to some historicians, had around 40.000 inhabitants in the 4th century AD.

It is assumed that the archaeological site near todays Cavtat represents remains of the old Roman amphitheater..There are many other reminders of the Roman rule, like remains of city walls, theatre, rustic villas, epigraphic monuments and tombs.

After the invasion of Slavs in the 7th century, the majoriti of Cavtat citizens fled toward northwest and founded the new town - Ragusa, todays Dubrovnik, at the foot of Srd hill.

Some legends mention Cavtat as the darling of the gods, nature and people. Other legend connects the name of Cavtat with the old Croatian verb "captiti", which means "to flourish"

At first, Slavic Cavtat had come under Travunja (todays Trebinje), and in the 15th century became a part of the famous Dubrovnik Republic, sharing its glorious history.

Historical attractions - what to see in Cavtat

Falcon Fort - the largest fortification complex in the Republic of Dubrovnik used for a defense purposes. The fort had its own water tank, buildings for ammunition, storage of wine and food and accomodation facilities for soldiers and their families.

It was built upon the remains of the Illyrian and Roman fort on a hill, with an astonishing view of the entire Konavle region.

Prince's Palace - a monument of the Renaissance architecture, the Palace houses the library and archives of Baltazar Bogisic, renowned town's intellectual. The collection includes etnographic and numismatic displays.

In front of the building you can see the collection of archaeological finds from the Greek and Roman times.

Church of St. Nicholas - built in the 15th century, the church has a charming Baroque interior that keeps valuable collection of paintings and other art works.